Westminster Shorter Catechism – Question 23

What man is to believe concerning God

Question: What offices doth Christ execute as our Redeemer?

Answer: Christ, as our Redeemer, executeth the offices of a prophet, of a priest, and of a king, both in his estate of humiliation and exaltation. (Acts 3:21–22Heb. 12:252 Cor. 13:3Heb. 5:5–7Heb. 7:25Ps. 2:6Isa. 9:6–7Matt. 21:5Ps. 2:8–11)

Scripture Support

Acts 3:21 awhom heaven must receive until the 1period of brestoration of all things about which cGod spoke by the mouth of His holy prophets from ancient time.


Heb. 12:25aSee to it that you do not refuse Him who is bspeaking. For cif those did not escape when they drefused him who ewarned them on earth, 1much less will we escape who turn away from Him who fwarns from heaven.

2Cor. 13:3 since you are aseeking proof that bChrist speaks in me; He is not weak toward you, but cmighty in you.

Heb. 5:5 ¶ In this way also Christ adid not glorify Himself to become a bhigh priest, but He who csaid to Him, “dYOU ARE MY SON, TODAY I HAVE BEGOTTEN YOU”;

Heb. 5:6 ¶ just as He says also in another passage, “aYOU ARE A PRIEST FOREVER ACCORDING TO bTHE ORDER OF MELCHIZEDEK.”

Heb. 5:7 ¶ He, 1in the days of His flesh, 2aoffered up both prayers and supplications with bloud crying and tears to the One cable to save Him 3from death, and He 4was heard because of His dreverence.

Heb. 7:25 Therefore He is able also to asave 1forever those who bdraw near to God through Him, since He always lives to cmake intercession for them.

Psa. 2:6 “But as for Me, I have 1installed aMy King Upon Zion, bMy holy mountain.”

Is. 9:6 For a achild will be born to us, a bson will be given to us; And the cgovernment will 1rest don His shoulders; And His name will be called eWonderful Counselor, fMighty God, Eternal gFather, Prince of hPeace.

Is. 9:7 There will be ano end to the increase of His government or of peace, On the bthrone of David and over his kingdom, To establish it and to uphold it with cjustice and righteousness From then on and forevermore. dThe zeal of Yahweh of hosts will accomplish this.


Psa. 2:8 ‘Ask of Me, and aI will surely give bthe 1nations as Your inheritance, And the cends of the earth as Your possession.

Psa. 2:9 ‘You shall 1abreak them with a 2rod of iron, You shall bshatter them like a potter’s vessel.’”

Psa. 2:10 ¶ So now, O kings, ashow insight; Take warning, O 1judges of the earth.

Psa. 2:11 Serve Yahweh with afear And rejoice with btrembling.

Note: Unless otherwise noted, all Scripture support comes from the Legacy Standard Bible in Accordance.

8 responses to “Westminster Shorter Catechism – Question 23”

  1. Amen to Jesus being prophet, priest and king. This brings me so much comfort! Hope you are doing well!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. I agree with you wholeheartedly Mandy! I am thankful for God’s special revelation and for Jesus Christ. We mine the depths here on earth and barely scratch the surface of the wonder and majesty of the One God in Three Persons. The God-Man Jesus Christ as Prophet, Priest and King thrills my soul. Blessed be the Name of the Lord! The Faithful and True God!

      Liked by 1 person

      1. Brother, this is a balm to my soul! On Tuesday I will start Doctrine of God. I started this class last semester along with Ancient Church; however, my brain cannot time manage two classes at a time 🤦‍♀️🤦‍♀️🤦‍♀️🤦‍♀️ We have to have a Doctrine of God research paper, I really wanted to write on “who sent the Holy Spirit?” I know the Filioque is controversial but I love learning about the Holy Spirit in Christian development. Anyway, all this is to say you have made me want to research the implications or how church history has received Jesus as Prophet, Priest and King!!!

        Liked by 1 person

      2. Awesome!!! Praise God!!! I’m sure it will be a stellar research paper. Maybe we will get to read it. When you publish your first book…I’ll be first in line to buy it sister.

        Those are two intense courses which I am sure require extensive reading as well as time to think. Definitely praying all goes well in your studies, you have strength and finish strong.

        Church history is critical in the lives of Christians. It is a true blessing to have those trained in it who are able to encourage and strengthen the body of Christ. Keep after it! You have a bunch of bloggers here ready to post your YouTube videos! 😀

        Liked by 1 person

      3. How kind on so many levels!!!! After I hit reply I was thinking oh man, that comment may be too long, so thank you again for your grace and kindness!!!! I want to start posting on the Ancient Church especially in regards to persecution, martyrdom and the culture of death. I wrote on my final how so many people want to return to the Acts 2 church where everyone shared everything and heard the Word preached; yet, NO ONE says I want to return to persecution where I might literally be thrown to the beasts in the coliseum. The other aspect I want to blog on is if holiness was seen in enduring persecution/martyrdom what did holiness look like after Christianity became the state religion?! How did Christians live a holy life after that. Do you have any Ancient Church books that you would recommend?! My plan God willing is to take every church history course Westminster offers!!!! Does systematic theology and apologetics excite you the most?!?! I am a biblical theology and OT girl!

        Liked by 1 person

      4. Fascinating! Yes, persecution is NOT the rallying cry you hear today. Not too many Ignatius of Antioch’s running around. Nevertheless, this may be in the Church’s near future. We pray for the mercy of God. I’m sure your professors could provide great sources. Defining Ancient Church would be important. If you read Greek and Latin, then more sources are opened to you. German, French and Spanish. An help too.

        The Apostolic Fathers 3rd Ed by Michael W Holmes is good as is Early Christian Doctrines by J.N.D. Kelly. From Paul to Valentinus: Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries by Peter Lampe I’ve heard is good.

        Holy Scripture is the only writing I can recommend unreservedly. For all other things, we test against Holy Scripture and use discernment. We pray the Holy Spirit leads and guides us and keeps us out of the snares and traps of the enemy.

        Love the plan! Take them all!!! It will be fun to see how God works out in your life the gifts given to you and the works He prepared for you to walk in before the foundation of the world.

        I am halfway finished recording the entire Bible. Looking to finish the rest this summer.

        Working through Greg Bahnsen and Van Til this year from apologetics perspective. Next year, probably mix in some John Frame.

        Reading through Dr. Joel Beeke’s Systematic Theology as well as Wilhelmus A Brakel.

        Working through Romans with various commentaries starting with Dr. D. Martyn Lloyd-Jones.

        Always reading. 🤣✝️✝️✝️

        Liked by 1 person

      5. So true about the Bible! I love that you’re always reading! That’s amazing about recording the Bible, yea God! I have Holmes and I really liked Kelly’s book!!! I will look into Lampe’s thank you for this!!!


      6. Who is also on her way to becoming a church historian. I hit reply too fast!!!


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