Westminster Shorter Catechism – Question 19

What man is to believe concerning God

Question: What is the misery of that estate whereinto man fell?

Answer: All mankind by their fall lost communion with God, (Gen. 3:8,10,24) are under his wrath and curse, (Eph. 2:2–3Gal. 3:10) and so made liable to all miseries in this life, to death itself, and to the pains of hell for ever. (Lam. 3:39Rom. 6:23Matt. 25:41,46)

Scripture Support

Gen. 3:8 ¶ Then they heard the sound of aYahweh God walking in the garden in the 1cool of the day, band the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of Yahweh God in the midst of the trees of the garden.

Gen. 3:10 And he said, “aI heard the sound of You in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid.”

Gen. 3:24 So aHe drove the man out; and at the beast of the garden of Eden He stationed the ccherubim and the flaming sword which turned every direction to 1guard the way to dthe tree of life.

Eph. 2:2 in which you aformerly walked according to the 1course of bthis world, according to cthe ruler of the power of the air, the spirit that is now working in dthe sons of disobedience,

Eph. 2:3 among whom we all also aformerly conducted ourselves in bthe lusts of our flesh, doing the desires of the flesh and of the 1mind, and were cby nature dchildren of wrath, eeven as the rest.

Gal. 3:10 ¶ For as many as are of the works of 1the Law are under a curse, for it is written, “aCURSED IS EVERYONE WHO DOES NOT ABIDE BY ALL THINGS WRITTEN IN THE BOOK OF THE LAW, TO DO THEM.”

Lam. 3:39 Why should any living 1person or any man aComplain because of his sins?

Rom. 6:23 For the wages of asin is death, but the gracious gift of God is beternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

Matt. 25:41 ¶ “Then He will also say to those on His left, ‘aDepart from Me, accursed ones, into the beternal fire which has been prepared for cthe devil and his angels;

Matt. 25:46 “And these will go away into aeternal punishment, but the righteous into beternal life.”

Note: Unless otherwise noted, all Scripture support comes from the Legacy Standard Bible in Accordance.

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